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Course Descriptions

Stark Learning Center - Room 336 • 570-408-4267 (T) ) • Email

PHARMACY INTRODUCTORY PHARMACY PRACTICE EXPERIENCE (IPPE)

PHA 335:  INTRODUCTORY PHARMACY PRACTICE EXPERIENCE I TWO CREDITS

This course will provide introductory practice experience to students in the community setting. The course fosters the development of professionalism in an environment of practical application of knowledge, skills, and attitudes. Students will be faced with a variety of issues practical to community pharmacy. The student will take an independent learning approach under the supervision of a practicing community pharmacist. The course is two full-time weeks (80 hours) of experience.

Prerequisite: Successful completion of the P-1 year.

PHA 440:  INTRODUCTORY PHARMACY PRACTICE EXPERIENCE II ONE CREDIT

This course will provide introductory practice experience to students in two health care settings: prescriber’s clinics and a faculty practice site. Students will have an independent approach to learning and gain a broader understanding of these settings and the role that pharmacists may play.

Requirement: P-2 standing.

PHA 445:  INTRODUCTORY PHARMACY PRACTICE EXPERIENCE III TWO CREDITS

This course will provide introductory practice experience to students in the health-system setting. The course fosters the development of professionalism in an environment of practical application of knowledge, skills, and attitudes. Students will be faced with a variety of issues practical to this area of practice. The student will take an independent learning approach under the supervision of a practicing community pharmacist. The course is two full-time weeks (80 hours) of experience.

Requirement: Successful completion of the P-2 year.

PHA 555:  INTRODUCTORY PHARMACY PRACTICE EXPERIENCE IV TWO CREDITS

This course will provide introductory practice experience to students in two health care settings: home health and long-term care. Students will have an independent approach to learning and gain a broader understanding of these settings and the role that pharmacists may play.

Requirement: P-3 standing.

PHARMACY GENERAL COURSES

PHA 301 & PHA 304:  FOUNDATIONS OF PHARMACY PRACTICE TWO CREDITS EACH

The purpose of this course sequence is to provide the student with the foundational concepts and skills needed to practice pharmacy in the 21st century as the role of the pharmacist expands and continues to change. In addition to one’s knowledge of the scientific basis of practice, the ability to communicate and be an effective team member is critical to the pharmacist’s role as an educator, clinician, and member of the health-care team. As such, the student will experience the processes of self- and group-assessment, team development, and the use of effective communication strategies through discussions, assignments, role-playing, and case studies. A unique feature of this course sequence is the interdisciplinary faculty team. The expertise and perspective of each faculty member contribute to the development and teaching of this course. Furthermore, this approach demonstrates the relevance and importance of other disciplinary subject matter to the development and maturation of a pharmacy practitioner.

Requirement: P-1 standing.

PHA 302, 401, 501, 502:  PHARMACY CARE LAB I – IV ONE CREDIT EACH

This four-semester sequence is designed to develop the student’s ability to integrate and apply information as well as practice skills that are taught throughout the curriculum. The use of case studies, role-plays, presentations, and other active-learning strategies engages students in the learning process and requires them to synthesize information at increasing levels of complexity as the student moves through the course sequence. Fee: $150 per class.

Requirement: P-1, P-2, or P-3 standing, as appropriate for each laboratory.

PHA 308:  PHARMACEUTICAL AND HEALTH CARE DELIVERY THREE CREDITS

Examination of health and pharmaceutical delivery in the U.S. conducted from a societal perspective. Emphasis is on public policy, economic behavior, and outcomes. Application will be made to various pharmaceutical sectors (e.g., retail, health, systems, manufacturing). Students should gain an i=understanding of the factors driving transformation of health care delivery and the implications for future pharmacy practice. Lecture: three hours per week.

Requirement: P-1 standing or consent of the instructor.

PHA 310:  CLINICAL RESEARCH AND DESIGN THREE CREDITS

Application of research design concepts and statistical techniques to design, critically analyze, and interpret preclinical, clinical, and economic studies of pharmaceuticals and treatment plans. Lecture: three hours per week.

Prerequisites: MTH 150 or equivalent and P-1 standing or consent of the instructor.

PHA 311 & PHA 312:  PHARMACEUTICS I & II FOUR CREDITS EACH

The study and application of physic-chemical principles that are necessary for the design, development, and preparation of pharmaceutical dosage forms. The study of quantitative skills necessary for an understanding of the basic and clinical pharmaceutical sciences, including skills in pharmaceutical calculations and extemporaneous preparation of dosage forms. lecture: three hours per week. Laboratory and Recitation: three hours per week. Fee: $150 per class.

Requirement: P-1 standing or consent of the instructor.

NOTE: PHA 311 is a prerequisite for PHA 312.

PHA 313:  PHARMACY CALCULATIONS ONE CREDIT

The common mathematical processes that a pharmacist may encounter in professional practice are covered. Interpretation of the prescription, including Latin abbreviations, will be discussed. Medical terminology and the generic name, trade name, manufacturer, and classification of the top 100 drugs will also be presented. Lecture one hour per week.

Requirement: P-1 standing or permission of the instructor.

PHA 327:  MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY FOUR CREDITS

An overview of microbiology with special emphasis on pathogenic microbiology. Lecture: three hours per week. Lab: three hours per week. Fee: $150. Cross-listed with BIO 327.

Requirement: P-1 standing or consent of the instructor.

PHA 331 & PHA 332 : MEDICAL ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I & II FOUR CREDITS EACH

In-depth principles of human anatomy and physiology as well as an introduction to pathophysiology will be presented. Lecture: Two hours per week. Recitation and Lab: two hours per week. Fee: $150 each class.

Requirement: P-1 standing or permission of the instructor. NOTE: PHA 331 is a prerequisite for PHA 332.

PHA 405:  PHARMACEUTICAL CARE SYSTEMS: DESIGN AND CONTROL TWO CREDITS

Examines delivery of pharmaceutical products and services from a systems perspective in a variety of patient care settings. Focus is upon effectiveness, efficiency, and quality. Covers design of systems, establishment and monitoring of key indicators, total quality management, and quality assurance agencies (e.g., JCAHO, NCQA). Lecture: two hours per week.

PHA 410: IMMUNOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY THREE CREDITS

A discussion of nonspecific host defense mechanisms and a detailed description of specific immunity. Products that impart artificial active and passive immunity are presented. The concept of biotechnology is discussed together with the currently available products of genetic engineering that relate to immunology. The various immunological disorders and the immunology of cancer and HIV are discussed. Lecture: three hours per week.

Prerequisites: PHA 331, 332, 365, or consent of the instructor.

PHA 411: BIOPHARMACEUTICS AND CLINICAL PHARMACOKINETICS FOUR CREDITS

The fundamentals of biopharmaceutics and pharmacokinetics are presented. The physical and chemical properties of the drug and dosage form and the impact of the route of administration and patient characteristics and disease state will be related to the absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination in the body. Individual drugs and patient case histories will be used to familiarize the student to practice. Lecture: three to four hours per week. Recitation: zero to three hours per week.

Prerequisites: PHA 311, PHA 312, or consent of the instructor.

PHA 412: MANAGEMENT OF PHARMACY OPERATIONS THREE CREDITS

The principles of management, including personnel and financial management, will be covered as they apply to management of pharmacy operations in a variety of settings (e.g., community, health system, managed care). Lecture: three hours per week.

Prerequisite: PHA 308 or consent of the instructor.

PHA 503 AND PHA 504: LONGITUDINAL CARE LAB I & II ONE CREDIT EACH

Students will follow a patient or patients over an extended period of time in a medical or home setting. Pharmaceutical knowledge and skills will be applied in communications, health assessment, monitoring or pharmacotherapy, evaluation of both humanistic and clinical outcomes. Issues of health care, cost access, and quality as revealed through each patient’s interaction with health and pharmaceutical care systems will be addressed. Three hours per week. Students are responsible for transportation to and from all offcampus experiential sites.

Prerequisite: PHA 503 is the prerequisite for PHA 504.

PHA 505: PHARMACY LAW TWO CREDITS

The study of federal and state statutes, regulations, and court decisions, which control the practice of pharmacy and drug distribution. Civil liability in pharmacy practice and elements of business and contract law will be covered. Lecture: two hours per week.

PHA 509: ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS AND SERVICES THREE CREDITS

Introduction to commonly used economic evaluation methods (e.g., cost-minimization, cost-utility, cost-benefit, cost-effectiveness) as applied to pharmaceutical products and services. Quality of life and outcomes research will also be explored. Emphasis is on understanding evaluation methods and research design and interpreting the relevant literature for practice applications. Lecture: three hours per week.

Prerequisites: PHA 308 and PHA 310 or consent of the instructor.

PHA 532: ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE AND NUTRITION THREE CREDITS

This course gives an overview of various alternative and contemporary medicine practices: homeopathy, herbal therapy, chiropractic, acupuncture, acupressure, body massage, ayurvedic, and shamanic practices. This course will also give an overview on the concept and practice of nutrition: parenteral and enteral nutrition. Lecture: three hours per week.

Prerequisites: PHA 331, 332, 365 or consent of the instructor.

PHARMACY ELECTIVE COURSES

PHA 395-396: INDEPENDENT STUDY ONE TO SIX CREDITS

Independent study and research for advanced students in the field of the major under the direction of a staff member.

Requirement: Approval of the department chairperson.

PHA 450: NEUROPHARMACOLOGY OF DRUGS OF ABUSE THREE CREDITS

In-depth analysis of drugs of abuse, including pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, tolerance, sensitization, physical dependence, and effects of drug use during pregnancy. Drug testing and substance abuse treatment strategies will also be discussed. Lecture: three hours.

Prerequisite: PHA 421 or consent of the instructor.

PHA 452: EXTEMPORANEOUS COMPOUNDING THREE CREDITS

Students will achieve basic and advanced skills in compounding pharmaceutical dosage forms for individualized patient therapy to replace a lack of commercially available products and enhance therapeutic problem-solving between the pharmacist and physician to enhance patient compliance. Students will work independently on research assignments and compounding preparations. Lecture: one hour per week. Lab: six hours per week. Fee: $150.

Prerequisites: PHA 311 and PHA 312 and permission of the instructor.

PHA 453/456: NUCLEAR PHARMACY I & II THREE CREDITS EACH

The scientific principles relating to Nuclear Pharmacy will be discussed. Topics include radioactive decay, the interaction of radiation with matter, production of radionucleotides, radiation biology, instrumentation, health physics, radiation dosimetry, and laws and regulations. Radiopharmaceutical manufacturing and medical imaging will be introduced. Three hours per week of discussion, laboratory, or recitation.

Prerequisites: P-2 or P-3 standing or consent of instructor.

PHA 495-496: INDEPENDENT STUDY ONE TO SIX CREDITS

Independent study and research for advanced students in the field of the major under the direction of a staff member.

Requirement: Approval of the department chairperson.

PHA 498: ROLE OF PHYTOCHEMICALS ON HEALTH & DISEASE THREE CREDITS

Students will learn the basic concepts and classification of phytochemicals present in our daily diet, followed by the study of specific phytochemicals and their relation to human health and disease. Basic mechanisms and pathways through which phytochemicals act and alter will be discussed. Students will have an opportunity to gain an in-depth understanding of a specific phytochemical of their choice or any other phytochemical designated by the instructor through a research review paper and an in-class presentation.

PHA 534: INTRODUCTION TO HOSPITAL PHARMACY PRACTICE TWO CREDITS

This course introduces a student to the practice of pharmacy within a hospital setting. The student will be introduced to the history of, management of, clinical services within, and career options in a hospital pharmacy. The student will need to complete a hospital site visit, a formulary evaluation, and a Drug-Use Evaluation (DUE). Didactic and active learning techniques will be employed throughout the course.

PHA 536: PRINCIPLES OF ADVANCED COMMUNITY PHARMACY MANAGEMENT TWO CREDITS

This course is designed to provide a foundation for students interested in pursuing the development and implementation of advanced clinical programs in a community pharmacy. The student will be introduced to principles in pharmacy and fiscal management, professional development, and the management and legal issues relating to clinical pharmacy services. Didactic and active learning techniques will be employed throughout the course and the student will be required to develop a business plan.

PHA 538: PEDIATRIC PHARMACOTHERAPY TWO CREDITS

This course is designed to expand the student’s current knowledge base regarding the pediatric population and to introduce the core concepts involved in the care of this special population. The course prepares students to identify and address drug-related problems in pediatric patients and to demonstrate competency within those areas. This will be accomplished by completion of case scenarios, actual patient presentations, and a take-home examination. An on-site visit to the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) is required.

Requirement: P-3 standing.

PHA 540: COMPREHENSIVE DIABETES MANAGEMENT TWO CREDITS

This course provides a multidisciplinary foundation for health professionals in the principles of diabetes management. Students who successfully complete the course will have knowledge and the basic skill set that is needed to begin practicing diabetes management. The majority of this course is independent self-study of online lectures, but there are mandatory on-campus discussions and exams.

Requirement: P-3 standing or permission of the instructor.

PHA 550: PRINCIPLES OF EXPERIMENTAL PHARMACOLOGY THREE CREDITS

This course is designed to increase the student’s appreciation of the science of pharmacology. The student will be exposed to principles and theories that are currently used to interpret pharmacological data about new drug products and physiological systems in both humans and animals. A series of articles will be used to demonstrate application of pharmacological techniques, and the student will be asked to suggest additional techniques to further clarify published hypotheses. The student will conduct experiments to apply pharmacological theories and techniques and to use the scientific method to gain data to support a hypothesis. Fee: $150.

PHA 551: VETERINARY PRODUCTS THREE CREDITS

Veterinary Products is designed to introduce pharmacy students to Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics and the role of the pharmacist in the care of animals. The students will evaluate the most commonly used drugs in veterinary care and relate that evaluation to the use of these drugs in humans. The student will learn fundamental concepts that will allow the student to provide pharmaceutical care to animals and assist the veterinarian and owner in the care of pets and domestic animals. There will be a field trip to a zoo on one Saturday during the course.

Prerequisites: PHA 424 and PHA 426.

PHA 552: PRINCIPLES OF BIOORGANIC AND MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY THREE CREDITS

This will be an introductory course, the aims of which are to provide the principles of bioorganic and medical chemistry, including an understanding of drug structure-activity relationships, prediction of the physicochemical properties of a drug, basic knowledge of the major pathways of drug metabolism, and factors that can contribute to drug-drug interactions.

Prerequisites: CHM 231-232, PHA 327, 365.

PHA 595-596: INDEPENDENT STUDY ONE TO SIX CREDITS

Independent study and research for advanced students in the field of the major under the direction of a staff member.

Requirement: Approval of the department chairperson.

PHA 598: INFORMATION MASTERY TWO CREDITS

This course will serve to introduce the practice of evidence-based medicine through information mastery. It will help students develop strategies and thought processes necessary to become lifelong learners and prepare for clinical practice (APPE, residency, employment). Content will include formulation appropriate clinical questions, developing strategies for finding necessary information, using print and electronic sources to locate that information, evaluating information, synthesizing an informed answer, and communicating this information to patients and health care professionals.

PHARMACOTHERAPEUTIC MODULES

A four-semester, twelve-module sequence (three modules per semester) that integrates pharmacology, medicinal chemistry, pathophysiology, and pharmacotherapy. This team-taught, interdisciplinary course provides students with the opportunity to learn and apply concepts from these four disciplines.

Prerequisites: PHA 310, 327, 331, 332, 365.

PHA 421: PHARMACOTHERAPEUTICS I: PRINCIPLES OF PHARMACOLOGY & MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY TWO CREDITS

PHA 423: PHARMACOTHERAPEUTICS II: PRINCIPLES OF PHARMACOTHERAPEUTICS TWO CREDITS

Prerequisite: PHA 421.

PHA 425: PHARMACOTHERAPEUTICS III: SELF-CARE AND DERMATOLOGY THREE CREDITS

Prerequisite: PHA 423.

PHA 426: PHARMACOTHERAPEUTICS IV: GASTROINTESTINAL DISORDERS TWO CREDITS

Prerequisite: PHA 423.

PHA 428: PHARMACOTHERAPEUTICS V: INFECTIOUS DISEASES FOUR CREDITS

Prerequisite: PHA 423.

PHA 430. PHARMACOTHERAPEUTICS VI: HEMATOLOGY, JOINT DISORDERS, SURGERY TWO CREDITS

Prerequisite: PHA 423.

PHA 521: PHARMACOTHERAPEUTICS VII: PULMONARY DISORDERS TWO CREDITS

Prerequisite: PHA 423.

PHA 523: PHARMACOTHERAPEUTICS VIII: CARDIOVASCULAR DISORDERS FOUR CREDITS

Prerequisite: PHA 423.

PHA 525: PHARMACOTHERAPEUTICS IX: RENAL DISORDERS TWO CREDITS

Prerequisite: PHA 423.

PHA 526: PHARMACOTHERAPEUTICS X: ENDOCRINE DISORDERS & WOMEN’S HEALTH ISSUES TWO CREDITS

Prerequisite: PHA 423.

PHA 528: PHARMACOTHERAPEUTICS XI: NEOPLASTIC DISEASES TWO CREDITS

Prerequisite: PHA 423.

PHA 530: PHARMACOTHERAPEUTICS XII: CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISORDERS FOUR CREDITS

Prerequisite: PHA 423.

ADVANCED PHARMACY PRACTICE EXPERIENCE (APPE)

PHA 510: GENERAL MEDICINE FIVE-SIX CREDITS

Integration of the basic pharmacy related concepts to the delivery of pharmaceutical care in general medicine practice. Clinical practice: 40 hours per week for five to six weeks.

Prerequisite: P-4 standing.

PHA 511: AMBULATORY CARE ADVANCED PHARMACY PRACTICE EXPERIENCE FIVE-SIX CREDITS

Integration of the basic pharmacy related concepts to the delivery of pharmaceutical care in ambulatory care settings. Clinical practice: 40 hours per week for five to six weeks.

Prerequisite: P-4 standing.

PHA 512: COMMUNITY ADVANCED PHARMACY PRACTICE EXPERIENCE FIVE-SIX CREDITS

Integration of the basic pharmacy related concepts to the delivery of pharmaceutical care in community practice settings. Clinical practice: 40 hours per week for five to six weeks.

Prerequisite: P-4 standing.

PHA 513: HEALTH SYSTEM ADVANCED PHARMACY PRACTICE EXPERIENCE FIVE-SIX CREDITS

Integration of the basic pharmacy related concepts to the delivery of pharmaceutical care in the health system settings. Clinical practice: 40 hours per week for five to six weeks.

Prerequisite: P-4 standing.

PHA 599 A, B, AND C. ELECTIVE ADVANCED PHARMACY PRACTICE EXPERIENCE ROTATIONS FIVE-SIX CREDITS

Advanced pharmacy practice experience involved in different aspects of pharmaceutical care. (Courses to be determined.) Clinical practice: 40 hours per week for a total of five weeks.

Prerequisite: P-4 standing.
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